The methodologies of teaching and learning that are used in the classroom have a high degree of influence on how effectively emotional and social competences are learned. Herbert and Lohrmann (2011) conducted a content analysis investigating instructional strategies used in ten health education curricula which were research-based and proven via empirical testing, to positively influence any of six health risk behaviours. They identified three active learning strategies which were evidenced in all ten curricula:
- role play
- group cooperation and
- small group discussion
Interactive technology and team games were also used in some curricula.
They concluded that active learning strategies are key to effective health education, as they allow students to apply knowledge through practice. They argue that substantial instructional time needs to be devoted to involving students in skills practice.